Microaggressions are described as messages minorities receive each day, which maintain racial slights, insults, and other indignities. Microaggressions are delivered in three forms: microassaults, microinsults, and microinvalidations. Microassaults are described as explicit attacks against an individual based on their minority status, and are the typically injustices individuals think about when they hear the word racism. Microinsults are messages that are interpreted as insensitive to an individual’s ethnic identity. Microinvalidations are messages that “exclude, negate, or nullify the psychological thoughts, feelings, or experiential reality of minorities” (Sue et al, 2007).
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Sue, D., Capodilupo, C., Torino, G., Bucceri, J., Holder, A., Nadal, K., & Esquilin, M. (2007, May-June). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice. American Psychological Association, 62 (4), 271-286. DOI: 10.1037/0003-66X.62.4.271